The Global Carbon Project (GCP) studies the integrated picture of the carbon cycle and other interacting biogeochemical cycles, including biophysical and human dimensions and their interactions and feedbacks.
This broad objective is covered by three themes: a) Diagnostics – Patterns and variability of natural and anthropogenic carbon sources and sinks; b) Vulnerability – Processes and feedbacks of the biophysical-human system; and c) Low Carbon – Carbon management and policy.
The organization was founded to quantify global carbon emissions. Today it simultaneously published its annual findings, the Global Carbon Budget report.
Global CO2 emissions from fossil fuels and industry have increased every decade from an average of 3.1±0.2 GtC yr-1 (11.4 GtCO2) in the 1960s to an average of 9.4±0.5 yr-1 during 2007-2016 (34.4 GtCO2). Emissions in 2016 were 9.9±0.5 (36.3 GtCO2) with a share of coal (40%), oil (34%), gas (19%), cement (6%), and flaring (1%). Global emissions in 2017 are projected to increase by 2% (+0.8% to +3.0%) after three years of almost no growth, reaching 10.0±0.5 GtC (36.8 GtCO2), a new high record.