During the 2016 Opening for Signature of the Paris Agreement, held at United Nations Headquarters in New York on 22 April 2016, 175 States signed the Agreement, and 15 States deposited instruments of ratification. An historic meeting.
The agreement was approved by the 196 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention of the Climate Change (UNFCCC) in COP21 in Paris on Dec. 12, 2015. In the agreement, all countries pledged to work to limit the temperature rise overall below 2 degrees Celsius, but are aiming to achieve a temperature rise below 1.5 degrees Celsius.
Of the 175 States which participated in the Ceremony, 31 participated at the level of Head of State, 2 participated at the level of Vice President; 24 participated at the level of Head of Government; 9 participated at the level of Deputy Prime Minister; 29 participated at the level of Minister for Foreign Affairs; 59 participated at the ministerial level; 1 participated at the level of former President; and 20 participated at the level of Permanent Representative.
With each country’s signing of the agreement, they have also submitted a proposal plan for actions for the agreement to be effective. This process takes many different forms and can be quick or longer, depending on the internal practices of each country.